Catalyst Effectiveness Factors under Gas-To-Liquid Mass Transfer Limiting Regime in Liquid Phase Methanol Synthesis Process


The effectiveness factors of methanol synthesis catalyst were experimentally measured under condition of gas-to-liquid mass transfer limiting regime in the liquid phase methanol synthesis process, where the synthesis catalyst is slurried in an inert liquid phase. The experimental measurements of effectiveness factors were based on an intrinsic methanol synthesis rate per unit mass of catalyst (gmol/kg cat.h) which is not limited by external mass transfer. The experiments were carried out under well-defined conditions of temperature, pressure, syngas feed flow rate, and impeller speed. The experiments were carried out in a 1-L stirred autoclave. The catalyst slurry ratios were varied from 10 g in 550 mL of Witco-40 oil (corresponding to a slurry ratio of 2.2%) to 150 g in 550 mLof Witco-40 oil (corresponding to a slurry ratio of 25.1%). The experimental measurements have been summarized in one single plot as generalized catalyst effectiveness factor as a function of catalyst slurry ratio. The results of this study are extremely significant and practical in their applicability because the data were obtained using commercial methanol catalysts under actual commercial operating conditions of liquid phase methanol synthesis process.


Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

Document Type

Article - Journal

Document Version


File Type





© 1994 Taylor & Francis, All rights reserved.