Pore Network Modelling: Determination of the Dynamic Profiles of the Pore Diffusivity and Its Effect on Column Performance as the Loading of the Solute in the Adsorbed Phase Varies with Time
A three-dimensional pore network model for diffusion in porous adsorbent particles was employed in a dynamic adsorption model that simulates the adsorption of a solute in porous particles packed in a chromatographic column. The solution of the combined model yielded the dynamic profiles of the pore diffusion coefficient of β-galactosidase along the radius of porous ion-exchange particles and along the length of the column as the loading of the adsorbate molecules on the surface of the pores occurred, and, the dynamic adsorptive capacity of the chromatographic column as a function of the design and operational parameters of the chromatographic system. The pore size distribution of the porous adsorbent particles and the chemistry of the adsorption sites were unchanged in the simulations. It was found that for a given column length the dynamic profiles of the pore diffusion coefficient were influenced by: (i) the superficial fluid velocity in the column, (ii) the diameter of the adsorbent particles and (iii) the pore connectivity of the porous structure of the adsorbent particles. The effect of the magnitude of the pore connectivity on the dynamic profiles of the pore diffusion coefficient increased as the diameter of the adsorbent particles and the superficial fluid velocity in the column increased. The dynamic adsorptive capacity of the column increased as: (a) the particle diameter and the superficial fluid velocity in the column decreased, and (b) the column length and the pore connectivity increased. In preparative chromatography, it is desirable to obtain high throughputs within acceptable pressure gradients, and this may require the employment of larger diameter adsorbent particles. In such a case, longer column lengths satisfying acceptable pressure gradients with adsorbent particles having higher pore connectivity values could provide high dynamic adsorptive capacities. An alternative chromatographic system could be comprised of a long column packed with large particles which have fractal pores (fractal particles) that have high pore connectivities and which allow high intraparticle diffusional and convective flow mass transfer rates providing high throughputs and high dynamic adsorptive capacities. If large scale monoliths could be made to be reproducible and operationally stable, they could also offer an alternative mode of operation that could provide high throughputs and high dynamic adsorptive capacities.
J. J. Meyers et al., "Pore Network Modelling: Determination of the Dynamic Profiles of the Pore Diffusivity and Its Effect on Column Performance as the Loading of the Solute in the Adsorbed Phase Varies with Time," Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, Jan 2001.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00795-0
Chemical and Biochemical Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
Dynamic Adsorption; Galactosidase; Network Model; Pore Connectivity; Pore Diffusion; Pore Size Distribution; Pore Structure; Preparative Chromatography; Proteins
Article - Journal
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