Land Use and Stream Ecosystem Functioning: Nutrient Uptake in Streams That Contrast in Agricultural Development
Rates of nutrient uptake were measured in streams with varying amounts of agricultural development in their catchments. We conducted short-term (1-3 h) releases of nitrate and phosphate in seven streams in summer and five streams in winter, measuring uptake from downstream changes in nutrient concentrations after correction for dilution. Nitrate (NO3-) uptake lengths varied from 45 to 3560 m across sites and seasons, and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) uptake lengths from 80 to 1310 m. In streams monitored in both seasons, uptake lengths were generally longer in winter, when discharge was higher and temperatures were lower. Uptake lengths of both nutrients were positively related to discharge. NO3- uptake velocity was related to nitrate concentration and benthic chlorophyll standing stock, which together explained 55 % of its variation. SRP uptake velocity was related to chlorophyll standing stock, and a multiple regression that included SRP concentration and chlorophyll concentration accounted for 34 % of the variation in uptake velocity. There was no clear evidence of saturation of nutrient uptake at high background concentrations in the streams. Nutrient uptake in these streams was not closely related to estimates of transient storage of water. Catchment land use influenced streamwater concentrations of nutrients and to a lesser extent chlorophyll standing stocks, and these two stream characteristics affected nutrient uptake in these streams.
D. Niyogi et al., "Land Use and Stream Ecosystem Functioning: Nutrient Uptake in Streams That Contrast in Agricultural Development," Archiv für Hydrobiologie; Fundamental and Applied Limnology, E. Schweizerbart Science Publishers, Jan 2004.
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